What is Piriformis Syndrome?
The piriformis muscle is one of the small muscles deep in the buttocks that rotates the leg outwards. It runs from the base of the spine (sacrum) and attaches to the thigh bone (femur) roughly where the outside crease in your bum is.
Symptoms of piriformis syndrome:
- Tenderness in the area of the muscle.
- Pain in the buttocks.
- Pain which radiates down the back of the leg, usually into the hamstrings and sometimes even the calf muscles.
- It is common for pain to initially be confused with a hamstring strain or hamstring origin tendinopathy. However there will be no area in the hamstrings which is tender to touch.
- Reduced range of motion of the hip joint, especially into internal hip rotation
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